Essex County Fire and Rescue Service


Farm Arson Prevention Advice

Every year in the UK, 1,700 farm buildings and 66,000 acres of grassland are destroyed by fire.  Half are started deliberately, either as an act of mindless vandalism or a fraudulent insurance claim.

A serious fire on a farm can affect the financial stability of even the most well run business and cause enormous damage to the environment.

40% of businesses that suffer arson attacks never trade successfully again.

Farms are particularly vulnerable to arson. Their isolated location, open boundaries and readily ignitable hay and straw make them an easy target. While arson attacks on farms and smallholdings may be difficult to eliminate, a number of simple precautions can substantially reduce the risk of attack. General advice on reducing the risk of falling victim to theft and vandalism follows the arson reduction advice.

Check list

• Hay and straw should be removed from fields as soon as possible after harvesting
• Hay and straw should be stored: 
o separately from other buildings, particularly those housing fuels, agrochemicals and machinery
o in stacks of reasonable size, spaced at least 10 metres apart
o separately from livestock housing
• Petrol, diesel and other fuels should be stored in secure areas and storage tank outlets should be padlocked.
• Machinery should be locked and secure when unattended.
• Fertilisers and pesticides should be kept under lock and key. The Health & Safety Executive can provide further advice on the storage and transportation of fertilisers, particularly ammonium nitrate.
• Rubbish should be disposed of safely and on a regular basis

Assessing the risk
A quick and simple survey will identify areas where an arsonist could strike. If there are certain areas you are unsure about, ask your local crime prevention officer or insurance advisor for assistance.
Your survey may reveal the need to: (Printable survey)
• Provide, repair or replace damaged fencing or gates
• Install intruder sensors and security lighting
• Maintain security of outbuildings
• Replace or re-site security and warning notices
• Maintain fire-fighting equipment in good order
• Prepare a fire routine and action plan and ensure that all farm workers know what to do in the event of a fire
Your local NFU office can provide farm fire safety training.
If a fire breaks out:
• Call 999 without delay
• Send someone to the farm entrance to direct the fire service
• Prepare to evacuate livestock should the fire spread
• Prepare to use farm machinery to assist Essex County Fire and Rescue

Reducing the risk by visitors
The danger of fire during hot weather is self-evident, but many fires occur in the spring and late summer due to carelessness.
To help prevent these types of fire:
• Do not allow the lighting of open fires or barbecues
• Ensure cigarettes etc are extinguished carefully
• Only allow camping and picnicking in selected areas
• Provide litter bins for bottles and other rubbish - and empty them regularly
• Ensure parents supervise their children
• Regularly check and maintain open water supplies for fire-fighting
• Ensure ‘Fire Danger’ warning signs are in place
The ease of access to most farms makes total security impossible, but there is a lot you can do to reduce the risks and it doesn’t all involve extra expense.
For general advice on crime reduction, go to the or contact your local Crime prevention Officer.

Farmwatch schemes
Encourage everyone in the farming community to be vigilant and to report anything suspicious to the police.  It also encourages them to pool their knowledge; people who live in the farming community have a very specialised knowledge, which even the police may find hard to match.
Essex Community Messaging (ECM) is a community messaging system run by Essex Police.
The main aims of ECM to receive messages locally to their device by:
• Reduce opportunities for crime and vandalism
• Strengthen community spirit so that everyone can play a part in protecting their property
• Improve two-way communication
• Reduce the fear of crime
Keep up to date on the current crime trends in your area. A good way to do this is to join your local farmwatch. Your local police crime prevention officer can advise you. Encourage your employees to be security conscious and look out for strange vans or cars, a registration number may give the police a vital lead.

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